The Organization Relationship Plan. Essay

The Entity Romance Diagram (ERD) depicts a conceptual data model that incorporates some of the important technological information about the real-world. It retreats into a natural perspective that the real-world consists of choices and relations (Chen, 1976). One aim of the ERD is to create a simple, straightforward and ideally presented data model including entities, qualities, relationships and cardinalities. The model is tool pertaining to database style, where the style can aid communication between system analyst or developer and the end-user during the need analysis and conceptual style phases.

Chen published major articles around the entity-relationship model in 1976 at a database seminar (Chen, 1976). The concept of entity-relationship already persisted for years in the field of philosophy and began to be placed on database design heavily between 1975 and 1980. In 1979, there was an appointment on the entity-relationship model throughout the First Foreign Conference about Entity-Relationship Procedure in Los Angeles, California. Twelve-monthly conferences around the topic continued until 95, when the seminar was renamed the International Conference on Conceptual Modeling (AICCM, 2003). The entity-relationship model may be the result of the unification in the hierarchical, network and relational models to get developing a reasonable database style. One essential purpose of the entity-relationship unit was to include a databases model that was in addition to the existing database software management systems.

An entity is described as a person, place or thing in real life or is usually conceptual, only existing in someone's head. An enterprise that is specific is similar to a subject instantiation of a class. Business types can be a more powerful and concise representation of entities. An entity type is a collection of agencies that talk about a common classification. For example , a great entity may be a Kia car, whereas an business type may well be a manufacturer. An attribute is any aspect, feature, top quality or attribute of an enterprise. An attribute must be competent of being described in terms of words and phrases or amounts. An feature may be the term of a romance or enterprise, it may identify what the entity looks like, just how old it is or in which it is located. An characteristic may also identify why a relationship is present, how long it can last, how long it has existed or beneath what state it exists. A marriage is any association, linkage or connection between organizations. The organization, attribute and relationship would be the key ideas represented within an ERD.

A great ERD is a high-level conceptual data schizzo. It displays the description of the entities and human relationships of the system to be constructed. It is usually employed in conjunction with a data flow diagram and state transition diagram in structured analysis (Pressman, 2001). Since a database is primarily interested in the data and its relations, the ERD plays a major part in the design process of database systems (Elmasri, R., Navathe, S. M., 1994a). The item Modeling Approach (OMT) is definitely closely related to the ERD technique. OMT can be seen while an extended version of the ERD technique exactly where OMT focuses on objects and also defines operations on things in addition to attributes (Rumbaugh et 's, 1991).

The notation used in an ERD is standard and fairly simple. The business types are shown in rectangular packing containers. The relationship types are portrayed by a diamond-shaped box and attached to the participating choices. A component's attribute is definitely illustrated with an oblong. The signs used in an ERD happen to be listed in Desk 1 along with their corresponding description and explanation (SD, 2003). Figure 1 is a great illustration of a simple ERD depicting a relationship

SymbolDescription and Classification


An entity is definitely an object or concept about which you wish to store details.

Weak Enterprise

A poor entity is dependent on an additional entity to exist.


Attributes would be the properties or...

References: AICCM (2003). Anthology of Intercontinental Conference upon Conceptual Modeling. Available Updated Summer 6, 2003. Accessed Summer 9, 2003.

Chen, P. P. (1976). The Enterprise Relational Unit - Toward a Specific View of Data. ACM Orders on Databases Systems. Vol 1, Not any 1 .

Elmasri, R., Navathe, S. B. (1994a). Principles of Database Systems. Benjamin-Cummings Publication Organization.

Liu, C. T, Chrysanthis, P. T., Chang, S. K. (1994b). Database Programa Evolution Through the Specification and Maintenance Alterations on Choices and Interactions. International Conference on Entity Relationship Strategy.

Pressman, 3rd there’s r. S. (2001). Software Anatomist A Specialist 's Strategy. McGraw-Hill.

Rumbaugh, J., Blaha, M., Premerlani, W., Turn, F., Lorenson, W. (1991) Object-Oriented Building and Design and style. Prentice Lounge Intl.

SECURE DIGITAL (2003). How you can Draw Organization Relationship Diagrams. Available

resources/center/software/erd. htm. Updated 06 5, 2003. Accessed 06 8, 2003.

Si-Said Cherfi, S., Akoka, J., Comyn-Wattiau, I. (2002). Conceptual Modeling Quality - From EER to UML Schemas Analysis. International Convention on Conceptual Modeling.


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